1. How to Prevent and Exterminate Ticks in MD, VA, & DC.

DECEMBER 09 2021 /

How to Prevent and Exterminate Ticks in MD, VA, & DC.

Thirty years ago, you didn’t hear much, if anything, about ticks. Kids went about their springs, summers, and falls dashing through the woods and jumping in leaf piles with nary a worry.

Unfortunately, when it comes to ticks, a lot has changed in the past three decades. Tick populations seem to grow with every passing year and so too does the threat of contracting a tick-borne disease.

If you want to learn more about ticks, the threats they cause, and how to maintain effective tick control around your Baltimore home, look no further than our complete guide. Here you’ll find all the information you need to protect yourself and your family from these harmful pests.

 

What Are Ticks?

Ticks are small, parasitic pests. As part of the arachnid family, they have four sets of paired, jointed legs and lack the antennae you find on insects. There are 90 different species of ticks found in the US, but far fewer are common in Baltimore.

The six that you are most likely to encounter in Maryland are the black-legged deer tick, American dog tick, brown dog tick, Lone Star tick, Gulf Coast tick, and Asian long-horned tick.

 

How do Ticks look Like?

While all ticks are similar in appearance, they do have some small differences that help differentiate them from one another.

Their similarities are in their flat, oval-shaped bodies that swell when engorged after a feeding, their legs, and their segmented bodies. Their main differences are in their size and coloring:

  • Blacklegged ticks or deer ticks are very small, dark brown on their head, legs, and scutum, and reddish-brown on their abdomens. growing only to about an eighth of an inch in length.

 

 

 

 

  • Brown Dog Ticks are about the same size as the deer tick. Although they have a reddish hue, they are a bit browner in appearance than deer ticks. They are also the only tick of the six commonly found in Maryland that can survive and complete their life cycles in indoor locations.

 

 

  • Lone Star Ticks grow up to a quarter of an inch in length, with a reddish-brown look, and get their name from the silvery-white spot the females have on their backs.

 

 

  • Gulf Coast Ticks are about a quarter of an inch in length. They have a light brown head and legs and a darker brown body with silver markings.

 

 

  • Asian Longhorned Ticks were just discovered in the US in 2017. They are very small, not even growing to a quarter of an inch in length. Their coloring is reddish-brown all over their bodies, heads, and legs.

 

Are Ticks Dangerous?

As parasitic pests, ticks require a host to supply them with the blood meal they need to survive. Most ticks choose different types of hosts in each stage of development and will feed on mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

Ticks become dangerous when they pick up diseases during their feedings.

For instance, if a tick feeds on an infected mouse during the larval stage, then attaches itself to a human for a blood meal during the nymph stage, it can transmit that disease to the human host through infected saliva.

Ticks are known to spread many serious, chronic, and sometimes fatal illnesses. The types of diseases you can get from a tick vary with the type of tick, but include all of the following:

  • Lyme disease
  • Babesiosis
  • Anaplasmosis
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  • Ehrlichiosis
  • Powassan disease
  • Southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI)
  • Tularemia


Many of these illnesses are difficult to diagnose because of their general flu-like symptoms in the early stages.

If you did not see a tick on you, you may not suspect a tick-borne illness and assume you’ve just caught a short-term virus. However, if not treated, some of these illnesses can cause a variety of serious long-term problems. In extreme cases, they can even lead to death.

 

What to Do if a Tick Bites You

Tick bites aren’t necessarily common for most of us and it can be hard to know what to do when these parasitic arachnids sink their heads into your skin.

But there is a certain procedure you should follow if bitten by a tick: 

  • Grasp firmly – If a tick is already feeding, grasp the body firmly with a pair of fine tweezers. Avoid crushing or puncturing the tick.

 

  • Remove carefully – DON’T twist or jerk the tick. It may resist removal, but applying steady force straight upwards will extract it.

 

  • Sterilize the wound – Use rubbing alcohol or warm soap and water to clean the area of the bite. 

 

  • Get rid of it – Place the tick in tissue and flush it down the toilet to eliminate it. Or, if you need assistance to properly identify the tick, you can preserve it by placing it in a container filled with rubbing alcohol.

 

What To Do If You See Ticks In Your Home

Finding a tick on your clothing or, worse, on your skin, doesn't mean you have an infestation.

If you've recently been outside in a location where a tick could have gotten on you, you may be able to discard the one tick and be done with it. Here are a few factors that are an indication that this is more than just a single isolated event:

Do You Have Pets?

If you have a dog or cat that goes in and out of your home on a regular basis, it is less likely that your tick encounter is isolated.

Check your pet(s) for the presence of ticks. When ticks get on an animal, they will usually work their way to the ears or hide under your pet’s collar. They may also feed in the groin area or between the toes of your pet.

 

Have You Been Seeing Signs of Rodents Inside? 

Micerats, and other wild animals can bring ticks into a home. If you have critters in your home, it is likely that you have more than one tick as a single mouse can have as many as a hundred ticks on its body.

 

Do You Have a Brown Dog Tick?

Of all the tricks that can get into a home, the brown dog tick is arguably the worst because these ticks are able to complete their entire life cycle indoors.

That means you can have an infestation of brown dog ticks take root after just one or two ticks invade your home.

These ticks could be brought into your home if a visitor brings their pet with them or if you have pets living in your home. Brown dog ticks prefer to feed on dogs, as their name suggests. But, they will turn to humans if they can't find a canine host.

 

When Ticks are Active?

While cold temperatures can affect ticks, cold weather doesn't have as much of an impact on ticks as humidity does.

In states that get more humidity, ticks thrive. For this reason, tick populations are larger in states that are on the East and West coasts.

The coastlines are also where incidences of tick-borne diseases are the greatest, in particular, Lyme disease in humans and dogs, with a concentration of cases being in the northeastern U.S. from Virginia to Maine.

This is why ticks are a serious problem in our DMV service area. The weather in Washington D.C., Maryland, and Virginia is warm enough for ticks to be active most of the year and moist enough for them to thrive.

 

How to Keep Ticks Away From Your Property

While knowing some preventative measures to take when you’re going outdoors is helpful, if you have a tick problem on your own property, you’re going to have reason to be concerned every time you step outside.

Knowing how to reduce the risk of a tick problem on your Baltimore property is important for your health and your peace of mind.

When ticks are found on people’s property, it’s usually in the transitional zone between their yard and the woods or fields beyond. By separating these areas with stones or even a fence, you can help prevent ticks from entering your lawn.

Ticks also tend to spend time in tall grass and leaf litter. Make sure to keep your lawn trimmed, and clean up any debris that collects there regularly.

Now, If you want to get more serious about keeping these little guys out of your property. Follow these tips:

  • Remove food sources from your property.
  • If you have garbage bins outside, make sure they have tightly fitted, tamper-resistant lids.
  • Eliminate as many water sources on your property as possible.
  • Keep your grass trimmed short.
  • Clean up lawn debris, such as leaf litter and fallen branches.
  • Cut back tree limbs, shrubbery, and bushes so that they don’t touch the sides of your house.
  • Don’t leave stacks of wood close to your house.
  • Consider removing stone walls and other landscaping that provides small animals with a place to hide.
  • Make sure the exterior of your home does not have any holes, cracks, or gaps that an animal could use to get inside.

 

Facts You Should Know About Ticks

While tick bites are a fairly frequent occurrence for those that like to spend a lot of time outdoors, they can still pose serious health risks to people and pets.

With your safety and the safety of your family in mind, here are some important facts about ticks that you should be aware of, as well as the misconceptions and myths about these harmful parasitic pests.

 

1. They Are Related to Spiders.

Scientists would describe ticks and spider­­s as ‘kissing cousins.’ They are actually more related than ticks are to insects.

Ticks may be mistaken as insects because, in their larval stage, they have six legs. They grow their last set of legs when they transition into their nymph stage.

 

2. They Cannot Jump, Run, or Fly.

It is a common belief that ticks wait high on treetops and fall on their victims, or that they can jump and run to attach to any host of their choosing.

The truth is, ticks cannot jump, fly, or run. Ticks grasp onto their hosts by waiting in tall grass, bushes, or brush.

They hold on to the plants with their third and fourth pair of legs while outstretching their first pair of legs, waiting to climb onto the host. A tick is very patient and waits for the right host to come along, with some species of tick larvae surviving as much as 540 days without feeding.

 

3. Ticks Can Live a While Without Feeding.

Even though some species of tick larvae can live up to 540 days without feeding, a blood host is essential for transitioning through and completing its growth cycle.

Once a larva finds a host, it feeds for approximately 5 days then drops off to molt into a nymph. An American Dog tick nymph can live up to 580 days without feeding. Adults can live up to 2 years without feeding.

 

4. Ticks Can Live Up To 3 Years.

It depends on the species, but it usually takes 3 months to 3 years for American Dog Ticks to complete a life cycle.

The life cycle of the Deer tick takes about two years to complete. A tick's survival and development are dependent on the environment and the availability of hosts. Under favorable conditions, a Deer tick may be capable of developing in less than one year.

 

5. Females Can Lay Thousands of Eggs at One Time.

Female ticks deposit from 3,000 to 6,000 eggs on the ground, usually in sheltered areas like inside woodpiles, under rocks, and in the crevices of walls and structures.

Immature ticks hatch from these eggs and must feed in order to grow and develop. Male ticks usually die after mating with one or more females, although some may live for several months. Females die soon after laying their eggs in protected habitats on the ground.

 

6. They Don't Mind Freezing Temperatures.

Blacklegged ticks do not die as a result of cold weather. They will typically find shelter under leaf litter to stay hydrated and hunker down during the winter months.

Once temperatures are above freezing, they climb back onto knee-high vegetation, to wait for a chance to grab onto a passing deer, dog, cat, or human.

 

What's The Best Way to Get Rid of Ticks?

 

While there are many ways you can reduce ticks in your yard, the most effective way to reduce ticks and limit exposure is by investing in professional tick control service.

There are many reasons for this that we will get into below but the most important reason is that a licensed professional knows what products to use, how much to use, and where to apply control products for the best results.

If you have questions about tick control, reach out to us for a free consultation. We'd be happy to give you an overview of how professional tick reduction works.

At American Pest, we offer proven pest control services to help residents of D.C., Maryland, and Virginia to control ticks around the yard—keeping you and yours active outdoors!